For many years there was an impression that the biggest enemy of the skin is the sun. Recent research however states that air pollution is the leading cause of many skin problems, such as redness, irritation and skin sensitivity.
In fact, 80% of those living in urban areas are exposed to environmental pollutants that often exceed the permissible limits.
While we have struggled for so many years to protect ourselves from the sun, in the end environmental pollution is a greater threat.
According to dermatologists, the pollution that damages our skin is a combination of smoke and particles. These pollutants come from exhaust fumes, dust and industrial gases. They release chemicals into the environment and some of which are absorbed by our skin. Due to their smaller size than the pores of our body, they have the ability to penetrate very easily causing serious damage to the skin.
What are the Consequences?
The effects of air pollution on the skin are very great and serious. It causes premature aging and the appearance of wrinkles, which are caused mainly by free radicals and air pollutants. Collagen fibers are destroyed and the skin loses essential vitamins. It also causes irritation, tenderness, dehydration and discoloration. It also intensifies oiliness, dilates pores, increases sensitivity and roughness, and enhances the stress that causes aging. In addition, air pollution combined with solar radiation oxidize sebum creating blackheads. In oily skin, in particular, it increases sebum production triggering inflammation.
Ways to Protect the Face from Air pollution
Below you will find ways in which you can protect your skin from the effects of air pollution.
1. Deep cleaning
Exhaust fumes and pollutants trap bacteria in the skin, clogging the pores. A good facial cleanser suitable for your skin type will remove makeup residues and care products. It will also remove accumulated toxins and pollutants that are responsible for creating free radicals.
2. Regular exfoliation
Pollutants remain on the surface of the skin and can create wrinkles and dark spots. Use a scrub to remove dead cells and restore a healthy and radiant look to your skin.
If you are exposed to infectious agents for years, the ability of your skin to be protected and to retain its moisture is weakened. You should use a moisturizer daily, as hydration gives the necessary elasticity to the skin. It is also important to hydrate your body from within by drinking plenty of water daily. It is important to prevent dehydration and dryness caused by air pollution.
4. Use face masks
It is good once a week to apply a face mask to keep your skin clean and hydrated and your pores open so that they can breathe.
Apply products with agents that remove harmful toxins and pollutants, such as activated carbon that fights toxins and deeply cleanses the skin.
Every morning, apply a product on your face that contains ingredients such as vitamins C and E. They fight free radicals and strengthen the skin’s natural defense mechanisms. In addition, a diet rich in antioxidants or a dietary supplement with vitamins will help you a lot.
7. Sun protection
With sunscreen you will protect your skin from both sunlight and pollution. Sun protection is essentially every day and throughout the year. This should be done to prevent damage caused by UV radiation, which aggravates the damage caused by free radicals.